For some time now, photography has become a key tool when carrying out dental and cosmetic dental treatments, since, thanks to it, dental professionals can:
- Graphically document clinical casesand thus facilitate their follow-up.
- Analyze in detail the oral anatomyof each patient.
- Communicate with other dental professionals and with the dental laboratory.
- Visually show patients the treatment to be appliedand thus help them understand it better.
If you want to know more about dental photography, you cannot miss today’s article. We tell you everything you need to do it professionally.
Types of dental photography
It is possible to differentiate between 2 types of dental photography:
These images are usually used by experts from all specialties of Dentistry . It helps them to keep a complete follow-up of their patients’ cases : see where the treatment started from, how the treatment is going or has gone and what the final result is.
These are made up of:
- 1 front shot
- 2 side shots (left and right)
- 2 occlusal shots (lower and upper)
They are used mainly in orthodontics, rehabilitation and implantology to capture the facial characteristics and the smile of the patient at the beginning of the treatment and compare the changes of the face after it is finished .
These consist of:
- 1 front shot with lips at rest
- 1 frontal shot with a natural smile
- 1 shot from the right side or profile (and in the case of asymmetry, from both sides)
- 1 oblique shot or ¾ from both sides of the face
What material is needed for dental photography?
Typically, a basic dental photography kit contains the following items:
The most advisable thing is to resort to SLR cameras with interchangeable lenses. Today, there are many brands on the market and models suitable for both beginners and experts.
Macro lens (focal 60 to 100 mm)
This lens allows you to set a minimum focus distance and take pictures from very close.
This is of vital importance due, on the one hand, to the fact that the mouth is a dark cavity and, on the other hand, to the proximity with which the photos are taken. However, the flash that comes standard in cameras does not usually offer really good results, since the lighting is not uniform because it is at the top of the device.
Instead, the use of other types of lighting is recommended, such as:
- Ring flash: itis circular and is placed around the lens of the camera.
- Twin flash:like the previous one, it is an external system and has a ring that is attached to the lens. It has two heads to play with the direction of the light and adjust it to each situation.
They are tools that come into contact with the oral cavity of patients (hence the importance of being properly sterilized after each use) and are used to take better images.
Some of the most commonly used in dental photography sessions are:
- Retractors: theyserve to expose the mouth and teeth by moving the cheeks, lips and tongue away. They can be made of plastic or metal.
- Dental or oral mirrors: theyhelp to see the teeth indirectly, what is not in plain sight. They are usually of different sizes and, in terms of material, they are made of polished metal or glass covered with a reflective surface.
- Dental contrasting agents: theyare accessories of different shapes and sizes that allow you to take photos of the teeth with a black background. They can be made of aluminum, silicone-coated metal, or plastic.
For dental clinical photography, just having a complete kit is not enough. In addition, you must have adequate training such as the one you can acquire at the European University with our Course in Dental Photography .
In it, you will learn to configure your equipment and use it appropriately, you will develop skills and have the opportunity to learn the basic and advanced techniques for taking intraoral and extraoral photographs .